Emerald is a green variety of Beryl, a beryllium aluminium silicate mineral. It’s pigment is chrome and/or vanadium. It crystal system is hexagonal (trigonal). The term Emerald is derived from the Geek smaragdos, which means ‘green stone’ and in ancient times was applied to a number of other green stones. The earliest Emerald mining was done in Egypt, perhaps as long ago as 1300 B.C.
When the Spanish invaded South America in the 1500s, they saw native leaders wearing Emeralds that far surpassed those from the Egyptian sources, and these eventually came to dominate the Emerald trade.
The finest Emerald gems and crystals have been found primarily in Colombia, but gem-quality Emeralds are also mined in Brazil, Russia and Africa.

Emerald is considered to be a wonderful emotional healer. It may allow one to display one’s compassionate, caring nature without fear of vulnerability. It is believed to be a stone of inspiration and infinite patience.
A strong heart healer Emerald is said to help assist the physical heart in recovering from all manners of imbalances or disease.